From time to time you have to think, and how do they differ, for example, sushi from rolls.
Or a balcony from the loggia. Or avenue from the boulevard.
Or olives from olives ...
Let's understand this confusion and answer all popular questions.
1. Olives and olives
Contrary to popular belief, olives and olives are the fruits of one tree. All over the world, except for Russia and the CIS countries, the fruits of the olive tree are called olives (green or black).
In Russian, olives are black olives that have reached full maturity. They are used for the production of olive oil.
2. Sushi and rolls
Sushi (sushi) is the common name for the popular Japanese cuisine of sticky rice and seafood. Rolls - one of the types of sushi.
Classic sushi is a lump of rice, covered with fish. And rolls are rolls of rice with a filling, wrapped in a sheet of seaweed nori.
Unlike sushi, any fillings can be included in the rolls, while sushi is cooked only with seafood.
Sushi is cooked by hands, and rolls - using a special rug-makis.
3. Piano, piano and grand piano
Piano is the general name for a class of instruments with keys and hammer mechanics.
The piano, like the piano, are varieties of piano.
Between themselves, the piano and the piano differ in shape and internal structure. In the piano, the strings, the deck and the mechanical part are arranged vertically, not horizontally, therefore the piano is smaller than the piano.
4. Avenue and Boulevard
The avenue is a wide carriageway street, intended for traffic. Prospectuses, as a rule, are called central streets or those that connect important parts of the city.
The boulevard is an alley with a mandatory pedestrian zone and green areas. Boulevards can be located in any part of the city, often being a green "outlet" in industrial zones or near busy roads.
5. Balcony and Loggia
There is an erroneous opinion that a loggia is a glazed balcony. In fact, the balcony and the loggia differ more significantly.
The balcony is a hinged platform, protruding beyond the walls of the house and open on three sides.
The loggia is a platform built into the room, which is fenced from three sides by the walls of the building and is open only from one side.
Both the balcony and the loggia can be glazed.
6. Pressure cooker, multicooker and steamer
A pressure cooker is a versatile saucepan with thick walls and an airtight lid. The products inside the pressure cooker are under high pressure, which helps them cook two to three times faster. The pressure cooker can be used both on the stove and from the net.
Multivarka - a device equipped with electronic filling, which controls all the processes of cooking. The slow cooker differs from the pressure cooker in richer functionality and cooking technology. There is no high pressure in the multicooker.
Steamer is a device consisting of several interconnected containers, which cooks food for a couple. In a double boiler, unlike a slow cooker and a pressure cooker, you can cook several dishes at the same time.
7. Circumference and circle
Circumference is a closed line. A circle is a space bounded by a circle.
Circumference is the boundary of a circle. The circle has a length, but the circle does not have it.
8. Wasp and bee
Externally, the wasp differs from the bee in a more slender body and a less dense hairline. Wasps do not collect pollen and do not pollinate plants, unlike bees, whose main purpose in nature is to pollinate flowers. All bees produce honey. Among the wasps, only some species can do this.
9. Twins and twins
From a medical point of view, the concept of "twins" does not exist. Two or more children who were born to the same mother almost simultaneously are called twins. At the same time, there are identical and fraternal twins.
Identical twins are obtained by fertilization of one egg, which is then shared. Lesser ovaries are obtained by fertilizing two eggs with two spermatozoa. They are popularly called twins.
Identical twins are always the same sex and are almost identical in appearance. Fraternal twins may be no more similar to each other than ordinary brothers and sisters.
10. England and the UK
Great Britain is an island nation in North-Western Europe, which includes four historical regions - England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
Thus, England is part of Great Britain. In English, the "regions" that make up the UK are called "countries", which translates as "countries." Perhaps this is the reason for the confusion.
11. Fantasy and fiction
Science fiction is a genre in fiction and art characterized by a violation of the limits of reality, a description of fictional worlds. Modern fiction includes such genres as science fiction, fantasy, horror, magical realism and many others.
Fantasy is a genre of fiction based on the use of mythological and fabulous motifs. The fantasy world is characterized by magical creatures (sorcerers, elves, gnomes, dragons) and supernatural phenomena. The fundamental difference between fantasy miracles and their fairy-tale counterparts is that they are the norm of the described world and act systemically, like the laws of nature.
When they talk about the differences between fantasy and fiction, most often under fiction imply another fantastic genre - science fiction.
12. Package and parcel
A parcel and a parcel differ, first of all, in their weight and volume. A parcel is a small-size postal item whose weight does not exceed two kilograms. A package can send large items weighing up to 10 (sometimes more) kilograms.
13. Deodorant and antiperspirant
Deodorants differ from antiperspirants in composition and mode of action. The mechanism of action of deodorants is to prevent the growth of bacteria in a humid environment. Deodorants mostly mask or weaken the smell of sweat.
Antiperspirants eliminate the cause of unpleasant odors by blocking the sweat glands. The duration of deodorants is usually several hours, whereas antiperspirants are able to provide protection for up to a day. Use antiperspirants need more caution because of their chemical composition.
14. Epilation and depilation
Epilation - hair removal by destroying the hair follicles. There are different types of hair removal: laser, photo, electrolysis and others.
Depilation - removal of the visible part of the hair. Distinguish between shaving and chemical depilation (using a cream).
Epilation removes hair for a longer time. However, a way to get rid of excess hair forever today does not exist.
15. Perfume, Eau de Parfum, Eau de Toilette
Perfume, eau de parfum and eau de toilette are types of perfumery that differ in the concentration of perfume extract.
The highest concentration of aromatic composition in perfumes (15-30% and more). This makes perfume the most resistant and expensive type of perfume. Perfume due to their strong aroma is recommended to be used in the evening and in winter.
Perfumery water - perfume containing 10-20% aromatic oils. Perfumery water is often called day perfume, the smell persists for about 4 hours.
Eau de toilette is a light type of perfume containing 4-10% aroma oil. Toilet water can be used several times a day. Toilet water is great for the warm season.
16. Hotel and hotel
In the tourism industry, a hotel and a hotel can be distinguished by the number and variety of services.
Hotels are called temporary accommodation facilities where all the necessary minimum services offered to the guest are offered.
Hotels offer a higher level of comfort and a wider range of additional services, including exclusive services.
17. Pasta and pasta
Pasta is products from dried dough of various shapes. Usually macaroni is made from wheat flour.
Pasta - the European name for pasta and the eponymous name of a popular Italian dish of them.
In fact, pasta and pasta are synonymous. In some countries (for example, in Italy) pasta (macaroni) refers to products made only from durum wheat.